The risky business of aflatoxins in milk

If you’re in the dairy or food testing business, you know the threat aflatoxins pose. Aflatoxins are a type of mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus parasiticus, aspergillus flavus , and rarely aspergillus nomius.1 These are likely the most extensively researched group of mycotoxins because of their adverse health effects.2 What’s more, they are widely found in a variety of crops, namely maize, tree nuts, and spices. Believed to be primarily caused by rising temperatures and humidity, these naturally occurring fungi grow on crops in the field, or during storage of feed and raw materials, where they can potentially produce toxins that enter the food chain.

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Short-chain PFAS compounds are on the rise- Craig’s PFAS Vodcast Cora Young

Short-chain per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are increasing in the Canadian Arctic environment, with the most rapid increases occurring post-2000, according to a recent study in Geophysical Research Letters (April 2020). For example, trifluoracetic acid (TFA) in the Devon Ice Cap increased ~10-fold from 1.4 μg/m2 per year during 1977–1989 to 10.3 μg/m2 per year during 2001–2014. The authors of the study suggest that the increased short-chain PFAS concentrations post-2000 were from new chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) replacement chemicals produced as a result of the 1987 Montreal Protocol treaty. One of the paper’s lead authors, Professor Cora Young of York University in Toronto, Ontario, discussed the study findings during the inaugural episode of my new video podcast, “PFAS fireside chats with Craig Butt.

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The metabolome: the way to personalized healthcare?

The completion of the human genome project in 2003 opened the door to unprecedented insight into the human body through its DNA code. We now know that our genome encodes our proteins, that our proteins are the molecular machinery of certain functions that take place in our cells and that the end products of these functions are our metabolites.

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Not all cannabis is created equal: cannabis strains explained

Cannabis strains not only have different effects, but also serve different purposes. In the mainstream world, cannabis is grouped into 3 distinct strains: Indica, Sativa and hybrid. Indica strains are of Hindu Kush Mountain origins, and they are high in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content and dense cannabidiol (CBD). They are often believed to be relaxing and are used in pain management. Sativa strains, on the other hand, have a more energizing effect, and hybrid strains are a combination of Indica and Sativa.1

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